Causes Of Depression In Children

 Causes Of Depression In Children Dubai | Early Treatment Of Depression Will Help Your Child’s Emotional & Physical Development

Causes of depression in children Dubai: Prevalence, recognizing it, differences by age, events, causes, & associated problems

Causes of depression in children Dubai: Introduction

Causes of depression in children Dubai: Childhood is usually thought of as a happy and carefree time, a period unfettered by worries and burdens. ‘What can cause depression in children?” we say.

We tend to think of young people as upbeat and a common reaction to hearing that a child is depressed is, “What does she have to be depressed about?”.  When children become sad, irritable or upset, parents often attribute this to the negative mood to lack of sleep or not feeling well and expect the moods to pass.

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Causes of depression in children Dubai: So how often does it occur

However, depression is seen in childhood. It needs to be differentiated from feeling blue to feeling depressed as a disorder. The incidence of sadness is close to the incidence of adult depression in the US (15%) reported by the National Institute of Mental Health.

Subthreshold depressive disorders and syndromes, including minor depression and depression not otherwise specified (NOS), are generally higher than those of major depression across all age groups.

Causes of depression in children Dubai: How do I know it is depression and not just feeling down?

Depression as a symptom is usually temporary and only includes sadness. However, a syndrome is a cluster of other symptoms besides sadness like reduced motivation, reduced interest in activities, recurrent physical problems and sleep problems.

Causes Of Depression In Children | https://www.singhaniaclinic.com/depression-in-children/causes-of-depression-in-children/ Early Treatment Of Depression Will Help Your Child's Emotional & Physical Development

Causes Of Depression In Children

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Causes of depression in children Dubai: Depression in different age groups

Children express and experience depression differently in different age groups. However, the symptoms must reflect a change in behaviour, persist over time and cause significant impairment in functioning.

  • An infant may be passive and unresponsive. They may have weight loss, excessive crying or sleep problems. They may also have an overall decline in development.
  • A preschool child may be withdrawn and inhibited. They may be tearful, sombre and lack exuberance. They may show clinging and whiny behaviour and often complain of stomachaches.
  • A school-aged child may be argumentative and combative or complain of recurrent sicknesses like headaches or stomach aches. Apart from sadness and tearfulness, they may have tantrums, disruptive behaviour, and irritability. “Nothing seems to please my child. She is so negative!” Academic difficulties and friendship problems are common. Frequent fighting, feelings of being picked on and weight loss or loss of appetite may be seen.
  • A teenager may feel guilty and hopeless, feel misunderstood and sulk. They may express low self-esteem. A child may say,’I am stupid” or “No one likes me”. Again school performance deteriorates and angry outbursts may ensue. Feelings of tiredness and suicidal ideation may occur.

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Causes of depression in children Dubai: Causes

Depression is likely a final common pathway for interacting influences.

1. Loss of a loved one and insecure attachment to parent due to

  • Parent’s death
  • Parental separation
  • Emotional deprivation
  • Rejection by a parent
  • Inadequate parenting
  • Maternal depression
  • Child abuse

2. Genetic predisposition

There is a moderate genetic influence on depression in children and teens with heritability ranging from 30 to 45%.

3. Heightened sensitivity to stress

Some children have increased susceptibility to stress. They may not be able to tolerate stress which results in neurobiological changes in the brain and greater chances of depression.

4. Problems in family and interpersonal relationships

Chronic conflict and difficulty between the child and his peers or family. More critical and punitive parenting, poorer communication and less warmth and support can increase the likelihood of depression in children.

5. Stressful Life events

Both serious and non-serious life events can cause depression in a vulnerable child.

  • Moving to a new neighborhood or  country
  • Change of schools
  • Serious accident or family illness
  • Marital conflict or divorce
  • Academic struggle
  • Sometimes even seemingly trivial problems like a fight with a friend, criticism from a teacher, a bad grade in a test can trigger depression in a vulnerable child.

Causes of depression in children Dubai: Why is it important to know?

Depression can result in the child being unable to regulate their negative moods and develop distorted thinking. Hence they feel hopeless, feel responsible for anything bad that happens and develop automatic negative thoughts.

Children with depression have associated problems

  • Low self-esteem
  • Difficulties with academic work and school failure
  • Difficulty with making and keeping friends
  • Higher chances of drug and alcohol abuse
  • Higher rates of suicide
  • Recurrence of depressive episodes
  • Associated conditions like Anxiety, ADHD, Oppositional Defiance Disorder, Conduct Disorder and Bipolar Disorder

These need to be identified and treated.

Causes Of Depression In Children | https://www.singhaniaclinic.com/depression-in-children/causes-of-depression-in-children/ Early Treatment Of Depression Will Help Your Child's Emotional & Physical Development

Causes Of Depression In Children

Causes of depression in children Dubai: To receive information to help your child fill in your name and email ID in the form on the right

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Causes Of Depression In Children was last modified: March 27th, 2018 by Wilma Gervacio

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